The FX market has a new benchmark until 2019 - and it's $5.1 trillion.
What is widely seen as one of, if not the, biggest challenge surrounding the BIS FX Working Group’s work on developing the Global Code of Conduct – adherence – was addressed by Chris Salmon, executive director, Markets at the Bank of England earlier this week and Salmon – the man responsible for the adherence piece in the Code – was optimistic that it would be effective.
Addressing ACI UK’s Square Mile Debate, Salmon noted, “It is no secret that all has not been well in FX or FICC markets more generally.”
He cited the erosion of trust in markets to preface his speech but identified an “ethical drift” resulting from “structural weaknesses” that presented opportunities for misconduct.
With new data showing that RMB trading grew 81.8% over the past three years, Galen Stops looks at the continued development of the currency and the growth of FX trading in the APAC region.
The growth of Chinese renminbi (RMB) trading in the global FX market has been well documented by a variety of sources, whether anecdotally by traders, logically by economists or quantifiably by trading venues and other data providers.
It was therefore no surprise when the latest Bank for International Settlements (BIS) triennial survey showed that the average daily turnover of RMB has grown from $120 billion in 2013 to $202 billion as of April 2016, an 81.8% increase.
Data from the Bank for International Settlements show financial reform has not led to a greater proportion of derivatives trading on exchanges. Colin Lambert finds out why.
As the world’s regulators, led by a very aggressive Gary Gensler-led Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), sought to reform financial markets post-global financial crisis, the outcome seemed at the time to be the inevitable growth of trading on exchanges. “The world is moving to Chicago” was used as an analogy to express this sentiment – that city being closely associated with the exchange model of course.
David Mercer, CEO of LMAX Exchange, talks to Galen Stops, deputy editor of Profit & Loss, about why FinTechs are enablers rather than disruptors of the FX market.
The world “disruption” is often applied to FinTech firms, yet Mercer argues that in FX the role of these firms is not to disrupt but to enable the growth of the market.
“We’re trying to enable the industry to operate more efficiently and more fairly. Other people put that disruption word around companies like LMAX Exchange but the FX market is the biggest asset class in the world, it doesn’t really need disrupting, it needs to grow and it needs to be enabled to allow it to grow.
The latest Bank for International Settlements Quarterly Report carries a paper, Downsized FX Markets: Causes and Implications, which suggests that amongst the many structural shifts taking place in FX markets, a move towards relationship trading is underway.
The authors suggest that this shift, along with the changes in the composition of market participants and their trading patterns may have “significant implications for market functioning and FX market liquidity resilience going forward”.
The paper notes that trading with non-financial counterparties has fallen 20%, a reflection of reduced global trade flows. It argues, however, that conventional macroeconomic drivers alone cannot explain the evolution of FX volumes or their composition across counterparties or instruments.